fredag 27. januar 2017
Ireland - Unesco Sceilg Mhichíl
Beginning in the 600s AD, Christian monks in Ireland strove to come closer to God amidst the isolation of Sceilg Mhichíl.
In the 6th century, a Christian monastery was founded on the island; it was occupied until the 12th century when it was abandoned. Before the 6th century, the island was not inhabited. Some scholars have asserted that St. Fionan was the founder of the monastery which is not backed up by concrete evidence. It is estimated that about 12 monks and an abbot lived in the monastery and fed on fish, bird meat and occasionally bird egg. The diet of the monks in the mainland fed on vegetables and cereals since there was vast arable land, unlike the islands. The monastery was inscribed in the UNESCO world heritage sites in 1996.
The monastery is located within an inner and outer enclosure on a sloping rock plateau at the north-eastern summit. There are a series of cells which form the north side of the north enclosure. Cell A was the communal cell while cell F is a typical dwelling cell. The monks constructed three sets of steps to the monastery. They were to ensure access during different weather conditions. Only one set of steps (southern Section) is available to the public to use today. In the 1820s, a short section of the south steps was removed to pave the way for the creation of a lighthouse. The massive walls were built of dry stone to create level terracing for the establishment of the monastery. The walls also acted as shields from the wind as well as creating a micro climate to enable growth of essential food. There were some entrances into the monastery with each replacing a previous one. The present day entrance is the third to have been constructed.
The island served as a filming location for several scenes in the film; Star Wars. It has featured in several other films and also featured in many documentaries and books. Each year, at least four boat licenses are granted to tour operators during the summer. The steps up the monastery are rocky, steep, and old and are not permitted during the rainy and windy seasons. There are also dive sites around the rock which is one of the favorite tourist sites.